Document Type : Research Articles


1 Assistant Professor of ELT, Department of English, Faculty of Humanities, University College of Rub-bi Rashid, Tabriz, Iran

2 BA in English Translation, Department of English, Faculty of Humanities, University College of Rub-bi Rashid, Tabriz, Iran



Immoderate smart phone usage usually makes the students addicted to it and spends less time reading lecture notes and textbooks. This study aims to determine university students' usage of smart phones and perceived rejection of paper books in an EFL context. The study collected data through a 20-item structured questionnaire consisting of the general characteristics, the number and hours of general smart phone usage, the daily usage of textbooks or paper books, and via the online short version of Smart phone Addiction Scale (Kwon, Kim, et al., 2013) administered to200 Iranian EFL participants aged ≥ 18 years and recruited from the Department of Humanities and Biological Sciences in Rabe Rashid Higher Education Institute (RRHEI), Tabriz, Iran. Results of the online SAS showed that the participants had a mean SAS-SV score of 47.02 (SD = 4.235), so theywereregardedasexcessivesmartphoneusers.Also,resultsofquestionnaireindicatedthatthe majority of participants were more inclined to spend an alarming amount of time on their smart phones rather than on their lecture notes and textbooks. The author concludes that students inRRHEIarestronglyaddictedtosmartphonesandthisaddictivebehaviormakesthemspendless time reading textbooks and using university library. The author ultimately gives some useful tips onhowtomitigatethenegativeeffectsofsmartphones.Theresultsofthisstudypromisepractical implications for policy-makers, parents, and academics and their students.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

کاربرد تلفنهای هوشمند توسط دانشجویان: مورد دانشجویان کارشناسی در فضای انگلیسی بعنوان زبان خارجی

Authors [فارسی]

  • حمید رضا مهبودی 1
  • ساناز حسین نژاد 2

1 استادیار آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، موسسۀ آموزش عالی ربع رشید تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مترجمی زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، موسسۀ آموزش عالی ربع رشید تبریز، تبریز، ایران

Abstract [فارسی]

استفاده نامناسب از تلفن هوشمند معمولاً باعث می شود دانشجویان به آن معتاد شوند و وقت کمتری را صرف خواندن یادداشت های کلاسی و کتاب های درسی کنند. هدف از این تحقیق تعیین میزان استفاده دانشجویان از تلفن های هوشمند و پرهیز آنها از مطالعه است. این تحقیق، داده ها را از طریق یک پرسشنامه ساختار یافته 20 سوالی متشکل از خصوصیات عمومی، تعداد و ساعت استفاده دانشجویان از تلفن هوشمند، استفاده روزانه از کتابهای درسی یا جزوه و از طریق نسخه کوتاه آنلاین مقیاس اعتیاد به تلفنهای هوشمند (کوان ، کیم و همکاران ، 2013) جمع آوری کرد. در این تحقیق 200 شرکت کننده از گروه علوم انسانی و علوم زیستی شرکت داشتند. نتایج SAS یا میزان اعتیاد به تلفن همراه آنلاین نشان داد که شرکت کنندگان میانگین نمره ای برابر با 02/47 با ا نحراف معیار4.235 دارند (SD = 4.235).بنا براین آنها به عنوان کاربر بیش از حد (معتاد) تلفن های هوشمند در نظر گرفته شدند. همچنین، نتایج پرسشنامه حاکی از آن است که اکثر شرکت کنندگان تمایل به صرف وقت زیاد بر روی تلفن های هوشمند خود دارند نه به یادداشت های کلاسی و کتاب های درسی. این نویسنده نتیجه می گیرد که دانشجویان این موسسه آموزش عالی به تلفن های هوشمند بسیار معتاد هستند و این رفتار اعتیاد آور باعث می شود که وقت کمتری را برای خواندن مطالب درسی و استفاده از کتابخانه دانشگاه بگذرانند. نتایج این مطالعه پیا مد های مفیدی برای سیاست گذاران، اساتید و ریاست دانشگاه دارد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • دانشجویان زبان انگلیسی
  • کارشناسی
  • کتاب
  • اعتیاد به گوشی تلفن همراه
  • یادداشت کلاسی
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