Document Type : Research Articles


1 Ph.D. Candidate in English Language Teaching, Department of English Language, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Associate Professor in English Language Teaching, Department of English Language, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

3 Assistant Professor English Language Teaching, Department of English Language, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Qazvin, Iran



Finding more effective ways of teaching second language idioms has been a long standing concern of many teaching practitioners and researchers. This study was an endeavorto explore the effects of three linguistic mnemonic devices (etymological elaboration, keyword method, and translation) on EFL learners’ recognition and recall of English idioms. To achieve the purpose of the study, ninety male and female EFL learnersat intermediate level of language proficiency who were preparing themselves for IELTS were selected. They were in three groups of thirty members each. Each groupwas randomly assigned to one of the treatment conditions and was taught idioms using one of the above-mentioned linguistic mnemonic devices. The one-way ANOVA procedurewas used to analyze the data. The results showed statistically significant differences between these techniques, with the etymological elaboration method being the most effective of all, on both recognition and recall of idioms. The findings of the study can have implications for textbook designers, curriculum developers, teachers, and learners.


Main Subjects

Article Title [فارسی]

بررسی روشهای یادیار زبانی در یادگیری اصطلاحات زبان دوم

Authors [فارسی]

  • مریم احمدی 1
  • عباسعلی زارعی 2
  • رجب اسفندیاری 3

1 دکترای آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران

2 دانشیار آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران

3 استادیار آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران

Abstract [فارسی]

یافتن روشهای موثر در آموزش اصطلاحات زبان دوم در زمره دغدغه های مستمر بسیاری از محققین و پژوهشگران در این حوزه بوده است. پژوهش حاضر در جهت بررسی تاثیرات سه تکنیکیادیار زبانی (شامل ریشهیابی، روش کلیدواژه و ترجمه) بر بخاطر سپاری و تولید اصطلاحات زبان انگلیسی توسط فراگیران این زبان خارجی بوده است. برای نیل به این هدف، نود فراگیر زبان انگلیسی دختر و پسر که در سطح متوسط زبانی بود ودرحال آمادگی برای آزمون آیلتس بودند، شرکت نمودند.این شرکت کنندگان به سه گروه سی نفره تقسیم بندی شدند. شرکت کنندگان به صورت تصادفی در هریک از گروه های آموزشی، به فراگیری اصطلاحات زبانی انگلیسی با کمک یکی از روشهاییادیار زبانی خاص از موارد یادشده پرداختند.روش آماری نتایج ANOVA برای تحلیل نتایج مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. این تحلیل حاکی  از برتری روش ریشهیابی بر سایر روشها در بخاطرسپاری و تولید اصطلاحات بود.نتایج این پژوهش به طور بالقوه  می تواند پیامدهای آموزشی مفیدی برای طراحان کتابهای آموزشی، پدیدآورندگان برنامه های آموزشی، مدرسین و زبان آموزان داشته باشد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • ریشه یابی
  • تولید اصطلاحات
  • بخاطرسپاری اصطلاحات
  • روش کلیدواژه
  • روشهای یادیار زبانی
  • ترجمه
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