Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, English Department, Shadegan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shadegan, Iran,

2 Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, Department of English Language and Literature, Payame Noor University, Iran, 0000-0001-7046-6533


Research article abstract acts as an important device to manage information and to let the reader decide whether it is merit to continue reading the research article. In this paper, we intend to investigate the frequencies and discourse functions of types of grammatical subject (unmarked theme) used in research article abstracts from four disciplines. To this end, 300 research article abstracts were randomly selected (75 from each discipline) from leading prestigious journals in the four disciplines namely Applied Linguistics, Economics, Agriculture, and Applied Physics, and were analyzed based on Gosden’s (1993) classifications that include 16 types of grammatical subject. The results indicated that only six types of grammatical subject were used in the corpus and the frequencies of these types varied across the four disciplines. Besides, the results reported high similarities concerning the discourse functions served using the grammatical subject types. Thus, it could be concluded that the selection and discourse functions of the grammatical subject types are imposed by conventions of writing research article abstracts. The results could add to the existing knowledge of writing research article abstract in the analyzed disciplines by increasing awareness concerning selections of grammatical subject types.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

«ما ارتباط را بررسی می‌کنیم . . .» تحلیل بین رشته‌ای نقش گفتمانی فاعل در چکیده مقالات علمی-پژوهشی

Authors [Persian]

  • دکتر سید فؤاد ابراهیمی 1
  • دکتر مرییم فرنیا 2

1 استادیار زبانشناسی کاربردی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شادگان، شادگان، ایران

2 استادیار زبانشناسی کاربردی، گروه زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

Abstract [Persian]

چکیده مقالات علمی-پژوهشی به عنوان ابزاری مهم جهت مدیریت اطلاعات و کمک به خواننده جهت تصمیم­گیری مطالعه مقاله است. در این مطالعه برآنیم تا تعداد و نقش گفتمانی انواع فاعل گرامری استفاده شده در چکیده مقالات علمی-پژوهشی از چهار رشته دانشگاهی را بررسی کنیم. به همین منظور، 300 چکیده مقالات علمی-پژوهشی به طور تصادفی (75 چکیده از هر رشته) از مجلات معتبر و از چهار رشته تحصیلی زبان شناسی کاربردی، اقتصاد، کشاورزی، و فیزیک کاربردی انتخاب شدند. چکیده­های انتخابی بر اساس مدل گاسدن (1993) که شامل 16 نوع فاعل گرامری می­باشد، تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان دادند که تنها شش نوع فاعل گرامری در چکیده­های تحلیل شده به کار رفتند که در رشته­های مختلف هم به تعداد متفاوتی استفاده شدند. نتایج همچنان نشان دادند که نقش گفتمانی انجام شده توسط انواع فاعل گرامری در این مطالعه تا حد زیادی در رشته­های مختلف یکسان بودند. در نتیجه، انتخاب و نقش گفتمانی فاعل گرامری تحت تاثیر قواعد و نحوه نگارش چکیده مقالات علمی-پژوهشی قرار می­گیرند. نتایج همچنان می­توانند در افزایش دانش نویسندگان چکیده­های مقالات علمی-پژوهشی در زمینه استفاده از انواع فاعل گرامری و نقش گفتمانی آنها در رشته­­های مختلف کمک کنند. 

Keywords [Persian]

  • مطالعه بین رشته‌ای
  • تحلیل گفتمانی
  • فاعل گرامری
  • چکیده مقالات علمی-پژوهشی
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