Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in English Language and Literature, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran,

2 Professor of English Literature, Department of Foreign Languages and Linguistics, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


It has been quite a while since research in different disciplines has become widely cross-fertilized. The cultural matrix of our era has made it possible for ideas and metaphors to move across disciplines. John Barth has been one of the most-celebrated cross-disciplinary fiction writers, who has been perceptive of and receptive to breakthroughs in other disciplines to reinvigorate fiction. Despite the fact that Barth’s literary career, particularly from Lost in the Funhouse (Funhouse), coincides with the coronation of Quantum Mechanics as the regime capable of addressing reality in a more precise way, the recognition of the influence of Quantum Mechanics on Funhouse has been conspicuously absent from the critical enterprise, and the bulk of research has viewed it in the light of Poststructuralism, whose application to contemporary fiction has been exhaustible by now. Establishing the framework of the Article based on some concepts for which the Copenhagen Interpretation and the Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics are famous, the present study offers a new perspective to approach the idiosyncrasies of Ambrose in the series, thereby employing an unprecedented methodology to replenish a work which has been subjected to a barrage of metafictional readings. 


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

آمبروز گمشده در شهربازی: تلاقی مکانیک کوانتومی، دازاین و باروک

Authors [Persian]

  • علی امامی پور 1
  • دکتر فریده پورگیو 2

1 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، پردیس بین المللی کیش، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استاد زبان و ادبیات انگلیسی، گروه زبانشناسی و زبانهای خارجی، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

Abstract [Persian]

با افزایش تبادلات بین رشته­ای امکان رد و بدل شدن ایده­ها و مفاهیم بین رشته­های علوم انسانی و علوم طبیعی مهیا شده است. همواره از جان بارت بعنوان یکی از معروفترین نویسندگان که هم در آثار ادبی و مقالات غیر ادبی خود از مفاهیم بروز سایر رشته­ها وام گرفته است و در نتیجه باعث جانی دوباره دادن بر پیکر ادبیات شده است یاد می­شود. علیرغم اینکه نگارش رمان «گمشده در شهربازی» اثر جان بارت و فراگیر شدن اصول فیزیک کوانتومی در محافل علمی و اجتماعی در بازه زمانی یکسانی بوقوع پیوستند، تاثیر مفاهیم فیزیک مدرن که تصویری دقیق تر درباره حقیقت نمایان می­سازد در این اثر مورد غفلت قرار گرفته و اکثر پژوهشگران مصرند تا این اثر را در چارچوب پساساختارگرایی، که مدت­هاست فرسوده شده است، مطالعه کنند. این مطالعه برآنست تا با استفاده از مفاهیمی که اساس تفسیر کپنهاگی و تفسیر دنیاهای موازی مکانیک کوانتومی بر آن­ها بنا شده است، چشم اندازی جدید را در داستان­های حول شخصیت آمبروز ارائه داده و این اثر جذاب را از آماج تفاسیر کسل کننده فراداستانی حفظ کند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • باروک
  • پدیدارشناسی
  • مکانیک کوانتومی
  • اصل عدم قطعیت
  • دوگانگی موج و ذره
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