Document Type : Research Article


1 MA in TEFL, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of TEFL, Department of Foreign Languages, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran,


This study explored the styles and strategies used by online MA students of TEFL and investigated the relationship among their learning styles, learning strategies, and learning achievement. The participants were 87 online graduate students of TEFL at Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST). The instruments consisted of questionnaires on learning styles and strategies and average scores of online students. The results showed that the most learning style preferences were obtained by synthesizing, field-independent, closure-oriented, random-intuitive, and visual, while the lowest ones were related to field-dependent, auditory, tactile / kinesthetic, and open styles. Online students’ highest tendency was related to handling possibilities, while their lowest tendency was concerned with using physical senses. With regard to learning strategies, goal setting strategies received the highest mean, whereas task-strategies received the lowest mean. The results of binary logistic regression also revealed that high achievers were mostly grouped into visual, tactile, inclusive, closure, and open learning styles. However, there was no difference between high and low achieving students in learning strategy use. Online instructors are recommended to consider styles and strategies of online students and choose appropriate materials and methods based on their styles and strategies.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

سبک ها و راهبردهای یادگیری دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد آنلاین با موفقیت بالا و پایین

Authors [Persian]

  • مولود کشیری 1
  • دکتر محبوبه تقی زاده 2

1 کارشناسی ارشد آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران

2 استادیار گروه زبان های خارجی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران

Abstract [Persian]

این مطالعه با هدف تعیین سبک­ها و استراتژی­های استفاده شده توسط دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد رشته آموزش انگلیسی به عنوان زبان خارجی انجام شد. این مطالعه همچنین رابطه بین سبک­های یادگیری، استراتژی­های یادگیری و پیشرفت یادگیری دانشجویان را بررسی کرد. شرکت­کنندگان در این مطالعه87 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آنلاین در دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران بودند. ابزارهای مورد استفاده در این تحقیق، پرسشنامه نظرسنجی سبک یادگیری، پرسشنامه استراتژی­های یادگیری و میانگین نمرات دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی بود. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که بیشترین سبک یادگیری مربوط به سبک­های سنتزی، مستقل از میدان، بسته­گرا، تصادفی-شهودی و دیداری بوده است، در حالی که کمترین ترجیحات سبک مربوط به وابسته به میدان، شنیداری، لمسی/حرکتی و باز بوده است. بیشترین تمایل دانشجویان آنلاین مربوط به مدیریت احتمالات بوده است، در حالی که کمترین تمایل آنها مربوط به استفاده از حواس فیزیکی بوده است. با درنظرگرفتن استراتژی های یادگیری، استراتژی­های تعیین هدف بالاترین میانگین را کسب کردند، در حالی که استراتژی های وظیفه کمترین میانگین را به دست آوردند. نتایج رگرسیون لجستیک نشان داد که افراد با موفقیت بالا بیشتر در سبک­های یادگیری دیداری، لمسی، فراگیر، بسته­ و باز گروه­بندی می­شوند. با این حال، از نظر استفاده از استراتژی یادگیری، تفاوتی بین دانشجویان با موفقیت بالا و پایین وجود نداشت. به مدرسان آنلاین توصیه می­شود که به سبک­ها و استراتژی­های دانشجویان آنلاین توجه کنند و سعی کنند کتاب­ها و روش­های مناسب را بر اساس سبک­ها و استراتژی­های آنان انتخاب کنند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • راهبردهای یادگیری
  • سبک های یادگیری
  • دستاورد یادگیری
  • یادگیری الکترونیکی
  • دانشچویان کارشناسی ارشد رشته آموزش انگلیسی بعنوان زبان خارجی
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