Document Type : Research Article


1 Associate Professor of English Language Teaching, Department of English Language, Faculty of Humanities, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

2 MA in English Language Teaching, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran


In the last two decades, citation behaviour in academic research writing has been highlighted in English for academic purposes. This concordance-informed, corpus-based study has focused on cross-disciplinary analysis of citations by English and Iranian academic writers in English Economics and Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering research articles  published in international and Iranian national English-medium journals. To that end, research articles in Economics and Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering were developed and divided into four sub-corpora: English corpus and Iranian corpus. Thompson and Tribble’s (2001) classification and Thompson and Ye’s (1991) framework were used to analyse citations. The computer program AntConc (version 3.5.7) was used to identify 1,032 citations. The results of data analysis showed more frequent uses of citations by Economics than Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering writers. In terms of citation structures, more integral citations were utilised by Economics writers, and more non-integral citations were used by Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering writers. In addition, the citation analyses of native and non-native writers revealed that English writers employed more citations than Iranian writers. The findings imply that the cultural context of publication, in addition to the linguistic background and knowledge structures of their disciplines, seems to shape the writers’ citation choices when writing their research articles.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

تحلیل بین فرهنگی پیکره محور از ارجاعات متنی در دو گروه نویسنده در دو محل انتشار: تفاوت های رشته ای

Authors [Persian]

  • دکتر رجب اسفندیاری 1
  • سحر صالح 2

1 دانشیار آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی، قزوین، ایران

Abstract [Persian]

در دو دهه گذشته، ارجاعات درون متنی در انگلیسی با اهداف ویژه از اهمیت ویژه ای برخوردار شده است. هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی ارجاعات درون متنی در مقالات تحقیقی چاپ شده نویسندگان انگلیسی زبان و فارس زبان در مجلات معتبر انگلیسی زبان ایرانی و بین المللی در دو رشته اقتصاد و مهندسی صنایع بوده است. به همین منظور، چهار پیکره از مقالات تحقیقی در این دو رشته ساخته شد و از طبقه بندی تامسون و تریبل (2001) و چارچوب یی (1990) برای تحلیل ارجاعات درون متنی استفاده شد. از نرم افزار انتکانک برای تحلیل 1032 ارجاع متنی استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل داده­ها نشان می­دهد که نویسندگان در رشته اقتصاد استفاده بیشتری از ارجاعات می­کنند. نویسندگان در رشته اقتصاد بیشتر از نویسندگان رشته مهندسی صنایع از  ارجاعات انتگرال استفاده می کنند. نتایج تحلیل داده­ها همچنین نشان می­دهد که انگلیسی زبان­ها بیشتر از نویسندگان ایرانی از ارجاعات استفاده می­کنند. نتایج مطالعه حاکی از آن است که علاوه بر پیشینه زبانی و ساختار رشته­ها، محل انتشار مقالات نیز می­تواند تاثیر شگرفی بر نحوه اجاع­دهی متنی در مقالات داشته باشد.       

Keywords [Persian]

  • ارجاعات درون متنی
  • مقاله تحقیقی
  • بخشی از مقاله
  • اقتصاد
  • مهندسی صنایع و مواد
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