Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Candidate in TEFL, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Associate Professor in TEFL, Department of English, Faculty of Literature and Foreign Languages, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

3 Associate Professor in TEFL, Department of English, Faculty of Literature and Foreign Languages, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran,, Iran


To surmount the obstacles a deficient productive vocabulary retrieval places in the way of EFL teachers, the current study sought to ascertain whether or not involving trainee teachers in interactive input-output activities enhance their vocabulary retention. To this end, a convenience sample including 49 Iranian EFL trainee teachers were recruited to take part in a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest-delayed posttest study. Having been grouped into three comparison groups, the participants were exposed to the same literary texts; however, the differential treatment of the study entailed three different interaction modes (individual, collaborative, and collaborative-cooperative) and two types of input / output processing (non-reciprocal and reciprocal). A repeated measure analysis of covariance (RM ANCOVA) was performed on the participants’ achievements in the pre- post- and delayed posttest measures and the results revealed that the two groups involved in literature-based interactive (collaborative and collaborative-cooperative) reciprocal input-output activities showed significantly higher levels of vocabulary retention compared to the group exposed to literature-based individual non-reciprocal input-output tasks. Additionally, contributing to significantly higher levels of long-term retention, the collaborative-cooperative mode of interaction was found to be more effective than the collaborative one. The findings corroborated the need for including literature-based interactive input-output tasks in EFL teacher training curriculum.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

افزایش به یادسپاری لغات انگلیسی معلمان کارآموز ایرانی با استقاده از فعالیت های تعاملی ادبیات محور مبتنی بر چرخه ورودی-خروجی

Authors [Persian]

  • سارا صالح پور 1
  • دکتر بیوک بهنام 2
  • دکتر زهره سیفوری 3

1 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکده ادبیات و زبانهای خارجه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشیار آموزش زبان انگلیسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشکدۀ ادبیات و زبانهای خارجه، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی واحدعلوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

Abstract [Persian]

برای غلبه بر موانعی که بازیابی واژه­گان تولیدی بر سر راه معلمان زبان انگلیسی قرار میدهد، مطالعه حاضر به بررسی تاثیر استفاده از فعالیت های تعاملی چرخه ورودی-خروجی بر افزایش توانایی به یادسپاری واژگان انگلیسی میپردازد. برای این منظور، 49 معلم کار آموز ایرانی برای شرکت در یک مطالعه شبه­آزمون پیش آزمون-پس آزمون-پس آزمون تاخیری انتخاب شدند. پس از قرار گرفتن در سه گروه مقایسه ای، شرکت کنندگان توسط متون ادبی یکسان تحت سه نوع آموزش تعاملی (انفرادی، همکاری بین معلم و شاگرد، همکاری گروهی شاگردان و معلم) و دو نوع پردازش ورودی-خروجی (متقابل-غیرمتقابل) قرار گرفتند. تجزیه و تحلیل داده های تحقیق نشان داد که دو گروهی که تحت آموزش تعاملی ادبیات محور (همکاری بین معلم و شاگرد، همکاری گروهی شاگردان و معلم) مبتنی بر چرخه متقابل ورودی-خروجی قرار گرفتند در مقایسه با گروهی که در معرض فعالیت های ادبیات محور انفرادی مبتنی بر چرخه غیر متقابل ورودی-خروجی قرار گرفتند سطح بالاتری از به یادسپاری واژه­گان را نشان دادند. علاوه بر این، نتایج نشان دهنده این است که همکاری گروهی بین شاگردان و معلم، در مقایسه با همکاری شاگرد و معلم در به یادسپاری واژگان روش موثرتری به شمار می آید. یافته ها نیاز به گنجاندن فعالیت های تعاملی ادبیات محور مبتنی بر چرخه ورودی-خروجی را در برنامه درسی تربیت معلمان زبان انگلیسی تایید کرد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • فعالیتهای مبتنی بر چرخه ورودی-خروجی
  • یادگیری تعاملی لغت
  • رویکرد ادبیات محور
  • دوره تربیت معلم
  • به یادسپاری لغات
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