3. Applied Literature
The Encounter with the Cybersemiotic Real in Alice Books

Sanam Shahedali; Lale Massiha

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 199-215


  The main objective of this paper is to incorporate the three Lacanian orders in Søren Brier’s cybersemiotic theory in the context Lewis Carroll’s Alice texts. As an interdisciplinary framework that emphasizes the role of the observer and its symbolically-generated hieroglyph-like universe ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
The Novel of Collective Decay: Prefabricated Identities, Spiritual Void and Agambenian Excluded Existence in Margaret Drabble’s The Ice Age

Nazila Herischian; Seyed Majid Alavi Shooshtari; Naser Motallebzadeh

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 217-233


  The transitional period of the 1970s Britain being fictionalized in Margaret Drabble’s novel, The Ice Age (1977), provides the ground for theoretical discussion of the present paper that is based on the insights of Giorgio Agamben. It will inspect the way Drabble interprets socio-political issues ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
A Study of the Art of Seduction in Richard III: A Baudrillardian Analysis of Shakespeare’s Master Simulator

Leila Hajjari; Ali Taghizadeh

Volume 11, Issue 1 , June 2023, , Pages 235-249


  Shakespeare’s eponymous character’s movement in Richard III towards the peak of power passes through his art of simulation which is induced by seduction and annihilation. Richard’s playacting skills in feigning innocence and brotherhood while hiding villainy along with his persuasive ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Trauma and Recovery in Jeannette Walls’s The Silver Star

Seyedeh Fatemeh Esmaeili; Farah Ghaderi

Volume 10, Issue 2 , October 2022, , Pages 211-226


  In the 1990s, the first wave of trauma theories was raised to extend the boundaries of psychological trauma studies into other fields, including literary theories and literature. Jeannette Walls (1960-), an American author and journalist, writes about her characters’ resistance to life’s ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
“The Salmon’s Spring Out of the Water”: A Deleuzean Reading of Freedom in Iris Murdoch’s The Unicorn

Mohammad Ghaffary; Melika Ramzi

Volume 10, Issue 2 , October 2022, , Pages 227-244


  The issue of “freedom” has been one of the core concepts in the history of literature and philosophy since classical times. This concept considerably contributes to the ongoing discussions of Iris Murdoch’s The Unicorn (first published in 1963). Unlike most of the previous studies of ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Investigating the “Infinite Real” in Jennifer Egan’s A Visit from the Goon Squad: A Metamodernist Approach

Maryam Azadanipour; Naser Maleki; Mohammad-Javad Hajjari

Volume 10, Issue 2 , October 2022, , Pages 245-259


  The 21st-century literature has experienced a shift of ideas reflected in metamodernism, introduced by Vermeulen and Akker in 2010. Although metamodernism is a critical approach in its naissance, it is observable in a large body of the 21st-century literature through certain narrative and thematic features ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Politics of Dasein and the Tragedy of Dasein in Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire

Ehsan Khoshdel; Fatemeh AzizMohamadi; Mojgan Yarahmadi

Volume 10, Issue 2 , October 2022, , Pages 261-276


  The aim of this essay is to provide a political reading of Dasein that might result into tragedy of Dasein in A Song of Ice and Fire. Politics can be regarded as an element to reach existence and Dasein. The phenomenological methodology that Heidegger introduces rejects all the history of western philosophical ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Ethical Conversation with the Other in Conrad Aiken’s “Silent Snow, Secret Snow”: A Levinasian Reading

Mohammadreza Touzideh; Farshid Nowrouzi Roshnavand

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2022, , Pages 155-167


  The ethical relation with the Other becomes of great significance in the postmodern ethos which considers the decentralization of subjectivity as one of its main philosophical and literary objectives. Emmanuel Levinas was one of the first philosophers who redefined the notion of ethics as a critical ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
The Spiritual Shelley: A Study of the Ideological Sublime in Percy B. Shelley's "Hymn to Intellectual Beauty"

Masoud Farahmandfar; Ghiasuddin Alizadeh

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2022, , Pages 169-180


  Shelley’s “Hymn to Intellectual Beauty” has suffered a critical overlook compared with the immense bulk of studies dedicated to his poetical and philosophical works. The reason behind the poem’s resistance to understanding is that it stands in stark contrast to Shelley’s ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
The Ambrose of Lost in the Funhouse: A Confluence of Quantum Mechanics, Dasein, and Baroque

Ali Emamipour; Farideh Pourgiv

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2022, , Pages 181-199


  It has been quite a while since research in different disciplines has become widely cross-fertilized. The cultural matrix of our era has made it possible for ideas and metaphors to move across disciplines. John Barth has been one of the most-celebrated cross-disciplinary fiction writers, who has been ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Thirst for Knowledge in Patricia Cornwell’s Postmortem

Mehri Nour Mohamad Nezhad Baghayi; Abolfazl Ramazani; Sara Saei Dibavar

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2022, , Pages 201-217


  “I CAN’T HELP READING!” is the common comment uttered by Detective Fiction readers who lose control over themselves as they begin reading a crime novel. The genre is a crystal clear formulaic structure which abounds with repetition: following a crime, an investigation is initiated by ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Hybridity, Mimicry, and the Uncanny: Postcolonial Character in Bharati Mukherjee’s The Bride Tree

Masoumeh Baei; Behzad Pourgharib; Abdolbaghi Rezaei Talarposhti

Volume 10, Issue 1 , April 2022, , Pages 219-234


  The endeavor to establish reconciliation between the opposing demands of two cultural communities lies at the heart of some literary works associated with postcolonial literature. This theme, which is also central to the novels of Bharati Mukherjee, especially The Tree Bride, forms the plot of the novel ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Wrestling With Gender: Gender and Gender-Neutrality in the Mirror of the History of Scholarship

Fereshteh Hadisi; Firouzeh Ameri

Volume 9, Issue 2 , October 2021, , Pages 235-250


  The history of feminism and gender studies is fraught with constant struggles to find applicable definitions for sex, gender, and sexuality, and understand their relationships and differences. This paper attempts to go through various theories in this regard, tracing their variations and evolutions through ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Human Voice Becomes the Voice of Non-Human: Oliverian Green Project

Elmira Bazregarzadeh; Nasser Dasht Peyma; Maghsoud Esmaili Kordlar

Volume 9, Issue 2 , October 2021, , Pages 251-267


  There have always been many controversies with regards to the existing gaps between human beings and Nature, most of which have come into notice in particular at the current age of fragmentation and uncertainty. While we postmodern individuals take pride in our access to better means of living through ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
The Negotiation of Entropies in Thomas Pynchon’s V

Mehdi Azari Samani

Volume 9, Issue 1 , April 2021, , Pages 163-181


  This paper analyses Thomas Pynchon’s V. (1961) in light of two contradictory scientific perspectives and argues that Pynchon uses complex science-based formulations on different semantic levels to give shape to a seemingly shapeless world of uncertainty. V. is considered by many critics a historiographic ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Café as a Dual Space in Marguerite Duras's Moderato Cantabile

Sanaz Saei Dibavar; Sara Saei Dibavar

Volume 9, Issue 1 , April 2021, , Pages 183-200


  This article examines the dual role of the café in instigation, development, and termination of the public display of transgressive desire in Margaret Duras’s (1958) Moderato Cantabile. To approach Duras’s narrative this way, we draw on Michel Foucault’s (1977) theories concerning ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
The Interpretation of “Mocking Bird” in To Kill a Mocking Bird in Reader Response Criticism Framework

Saeid Rahimipour; Mohammad Reza Khodadust

Volume 9, Issue 1 , April 2021, , Pages 201-215


  Literary works have been interpreted differently depending on the interpreter’s mindset and outlook. This study has launched an attempt to interpret the representation of the “Mocking Bird” in To Kill a Mocking Bird. Initially, a total number of 30 English majors studying at Farhangian ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Paul Auster’s Moon Palace: An Existential Reconsideration

Amin Khanbazian; Hossein Sabouri

Volume 9, Issue 1 , April 2021, , Pages 217-226


  As one of the outstanding works written in the late twentieth century, Paul Auster’sMoon Palace is the extension of the prominent discussion existing in his works,which concerns the issue of identity formation and the characters’ involvement in the expedition toward self-acknowledgment. Looking ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
A Research on Language and Gender in Shabhaye Tehran (Nights of Tehran) and Azadarane Bayal (Mourners of Bayal) Novels Based on Lakoff's Theory

Shirzad Tayefi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , April 2021, , Pages 227-241


  Many experts believe that there are differences between female and male language (speech) and writing. In this article female and male language (speech) in novels, Shabhaye Tehran (Nights of Tehran) written by GhazalehAlizadeh and AzadaraneBayal (Mourners of Bayal) written by Gholam Hossein Saedi, have ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Postcolonial Borges: “Colonized Intellectual” and“Double Consciousness” in “The Nothingness of Personality”

Ahad Mehrvand; Tayyebeh Rastegar Naderi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , October 2020, , Pages 241-263


  Using Du Bois’s “Double Consciousness” and Fanon’s “Colonized Intellectual”, we contend that Borges’s essay “The Nothingness of Personality” can be deemed postcolonial. Our study turns to the postcolonial world of Latin America, with a special focus ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Australian Aborigines’ Reconstructed History in Robert Merritt’s Play,The Cake Man

Mahdi Javidshad; Bahee Hadaegh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , October 2020, , Pages 265-281


  One of the parts and parcels of postcolonial literature is to deconstruct the history written by imperialism and to present the one as experienced by the colonized. As victims of British colonialism, Australian Aborigines have always mirrored the historical religious and territorial subjugation of their ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Literature as History in Twelve Years a Slave and its Movie Adaptation

Nasrin Malekpour; Maghsoud Esmaili Kordlar

Volume 8, Issue 1 , April 2020, , Pages 65-75


  This paper tries to examine literature as history, with an emphasis on the crucial role of fiction in narrating the marginalized events of history. Some fictions are actual accounts of events in history, and some are reflection of events. Actually, literature and history are integrated to each other, ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Kitchen Sink Drama and Naturalism: Trends of Post-War English Theatre

Nazila Heidarzadegan; Zeynep Kurt Yildiz

Volume 8, Issue 1 , April 2020, , Pages 139-149


  The present paper studies Kitchen Sink Drama and Naturalism to investigate how a cultural movement through which artists like Arnold Wesker, John Osborne, and Shelagh Delaney express their disillusionment during the post-war period representing the reality of their lives via theatre. The period of 1956–1965 ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
Postcolonial Reading of Joseph Conrad’s Lingard Trilogy

Ahad Mehrvand; Shiva Talebi Ashtiyani

Volume 8, Issue 1 , April 2020, , Pages 175-198


  Conrad’s acclaimed works from his middle period have been thoroughly studied from several perspectives including postcolonialism whereas the novels from his early period were overlooked due to their so-called“uneven” quality. The most notable works among Conrad’s early novels ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
What Is Applied Literature?

Bahram Behin

Volume 7, Issue 1 , March 2019, , Pages 21-33


  Applied literature is a term that is the outcome of a need to put literature to tangible uses in the “real” world. A medical practitioner looking for a definition of life, for instance, finds literature a useful source for the answer. With paradigm shifts in scientific studies, interdisciplinarity ...  Read More