3. Applied Literature
1. The Negotiation of Entropies in Thomas Pynchon’s V

Mehdi Azari Samani

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2021.27088.1251

Abstract
  This paper analyses Thomas Pynchon’s V. (1961) in light of two contradictory scientific perspectives and argues that Pynchon uses complex science-based formulations on different semantic levels to give shape to a seemingly shapeless world of uncertainty. V. is considered by many critics a historiographic ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
2. Café as a Dual Space in Marguerite Duras's Moderato Cantabile

Sanaz Saei Dibavar; Sara Saei Dibavar

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2021.26905.1189

Abstract
  This article examines the dual role of the café in instigation, development, and termination of the public display of transgressive desire in Margaret Duras’s (1958) Moderato Cantabile. To approach Duras’s narrative this way, we draw on Michel Foucault’s (1977) theories concerning ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
3. The Survey of “Mocking Bird” in To Kill a Mocking Bird from Reader Response Criticism Framework

Saeid Rahimipour; Mohammad Reza Khodadust

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2021.26911.1191

Abstract
  Literary works have been interpreted differently depending on the interpreter’s mindset and outlook. This study has launched an attempt to interpret the representation of the “Mocking Bird” in To Kill a Mocking Bird. Initially, a total number of 30 English majors studying at Farhangian ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
4. Paul Auster’s Moon Palace: An Existential Reconsideration

Amin Khanbazian; Hossein Sabouri

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2021.27002.1229

Abstract
  As one of the outstanding works written in the late twentieth century, Paul Auster’sMoon Palace is the extension of the prominent discussion existing in his works,which concerns the issue of identity formation and the characters’ involvement in the expedition toward self-acknowledgment. Looking ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
5. A Research on Language and Gender in Shabhaye Tehran (Nights of Tehran) and Azadarane Bayal (Mourners of Bayal) Novels Based on Lakoff's Theory

Shirzad Tayefi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2021

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2021.26979.1219

Abstract
  Many experts believe that there are differences between female and male language (speech) and writing. In this article female and male language (speech) in novels, Shabhaye Tehran (Nights of Tehran) written by GhazalehAlizadeh and AzadaraneBayal (Mourners of Bayal) written by Gholam Hossein Saedi, have ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
6. Postcolonial Borges: “Colonized Intellectual” and“Double Consciousness” in “The Nothingness of Personality”

Ahad Mehrvand; Tayyebeh Rastegar Naderi

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 241-263

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2020.26924.1196

Abstract
  Using Du Bois’s “Double Consciousness” and Fanon’s “Colonized Intellectual”, we contend that Borges’s essay “The Nothingness of Personality” can be deemed postcolonial. Our study turns to the postcolonial world of Latin America, with a special focus ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
7. Australian Aborigines’ Reconstructed History in Robert Merritt’s Play,The Cake Man

Mahdi Javidshad; Bahee Hadaegh

Volume 8, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2020, , Pages 265-281

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2020.26902.1188

Abstract
  One of the parts and parcels of postcolonial literature is to deconstruct the history written by imperialism and to present the one as experienced by the colonized. As victims of British colonialism, Australian Aborigines have always mirrored the historical religious and territorial subjugation of their ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
8. Literature as History in Twelve Years a Slave and its Movie Adaptation

Nasrin Malekpour; Maghsoud Esmaili Kordlar

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 65-75

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2020.26735.1162

Abstract
  This paper tries to examine literature as history, with an emphasis on the crucial role of fiction in narrating the marginalized events of history. Some fictions are actual accounts of events in history, and some are reflection of events. Actually, literature and history are integrated to each other, ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
9. Kitchen Sink Drama and Naturalism: Trends of Post-War English Theatre

Nazila Heidarzdaegan; Zeynep Kury Yıldız

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 139-149

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2020.26818.1172

Abstract
  The present paper studies Kitchen Sink Drama and Naturalism to investigate how a cultural movement through which artists like Arnold Wesker, John Osborne, and Shelagh Delaney express their disillusionment during the post-war period representing the reality of their lives via theatre. The period of 1956–1965 ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
10. Postcolonial Reading of Joseph Conrad’s Lingard Trilogy

Ahad Mehrvand; Shiva Talebi Ashtiyani

Volume 8, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2020, , Pages 175-198

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2020.26069.1173

Abstract
  Conrad’s acclaimed works from his middle period have been thoroughly studied from several perspectives including postcolonialism whereas the novels from his early period were overlooked due to their so-called“uneven” quality. The most notable works among Conrad’s early novels ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
11. What Is Applied Literature?

Bahram Behin

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 21-33

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2019.26629.1138

Abstract
  Applied literature is a term that is the outcome of a need to put literature to tangible uses in the “real” world. A medical practitioner looking for a definition of life, for instance, finds literature a useful source for the answer. With paradigm shifts in scientific studies, interdisciplinarity ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
12. Canons and Controversies: The Critical Gaze on Jhumpa Lahiri’s Fiction

Moussa Pourya Asl

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 67-82

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2019.26414.1110

Abstract
  The South Asian American diasporic writer, Jhumpa Lahiri has been widely acclaimed by the first-world intellectuals for her truthful representations of diasporic experience. In recent years, however, some scholars have drawn upon Gayatri Spivak’s notion of “Native Informant” to interrogate ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
13. Our Sense of Identity: “Who am I?” Gender and Cultural Studies

Hossein Sabouri

Volume 7, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2019, , Pages 215-228

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2019.26497.1129

Abstract
  Identity is seen as a cultural and social construct, which indicates how we have been embodied and how we might represent ourselves. The knowledge that identities are the outputs of discourses is a familiar characteristic of some societal concepts. Gender, as an identity or a sense of our identity we ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
14. Groundbreaking and Ingenious Teaching Methods for Teaching of Drama in the Context of Iranian Universities

Nasser Dasht Peyma

Volume 6, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2018, , Pages 129-140

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2019.26402.1106

Abstract
  AbstractThe study of drama is one of the most interesting, thought- provoking and pleasing experiences in the field of English literature, but it seems there are some reasons why it may not look like to be so for some of the students of drama in the context of Iranian universities. It seems, first of ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
15. Applied Literature and New Jungian Reading: a Case study of Camilla Gibb’s Novel, Sweetness in the Belly

Firouzeh Ameri

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 67-76

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.26324.1087

Abstract
  The field of Applied Literature is concerned with the practical usages of literature, including the potentials of literature to empower and transform individuals. Jungian criticism, with its suggestions of the possibility of individuation and self-actualization in individuals, has been an important source ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
16. Book Review: "Loving Literature. A Cultural History"

Jane Ekstam

Volume 6, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2018, , Pages 111-113

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.26313.1083

Abstract
  It is widely acknowledged that emotion is deeply embedded in literary criticism. Even when we aspire to scientific analysis and objectivity, we assume that we share a love of literature. Loving Literature is a deep and fascinating exploration of this important assumption. Literary critics and professors ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
17. Structuring Racist Ideologies in Stephen Crane’s “A Dark Brown Dog”: A Critical Discourse Analysis

Taher Ben Khalifa

Volume 5, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2017, , Pages 15-46

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.26344.1093

Abstract
  This paper deals with the study of how racist ideologies are constructed in Crane’s “A Dark Brown Dog” using the CDA framework. Benefitting from the approaching between literature and linguistics, it focuses on the linguistic examination of the (re)construction of whiteness and blackness ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
18. A Comparative Study of "From 7 O`clock to 9:30" by Na-albandian and "Erostratus" by Sartre by Applying Bakhtinian Dialogism

Amir Hamed Dolatabadi Farahany; Dr. Mojgan Eyvazi; Dr. Mohsen Momen

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 67-79

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.26317.1084

Abstract
  The present study is conducted to compare 'From 7 o`clock to 9:30' by Abbas Na-albandian and 'Erostratus' by Jean-Paul Sartre based on Bakhtin’s intertextual approach with an eye on Bakhtin’s notion of dialogic imagination. Bakhtin in his approach focuses on the text, rather than the author, ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
19. Book Review: 'The Question of Justice and Identity in Ahmed Saadawi’s Frankenstein in Baghdad'

Javad Khorsandi

Volume 4, Issue 2 , Summer and Autumn 2016, , Pages 129-130

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.26320.1085

Abstract
  Ahmed Saadawi’s third and last novel Frankenstein in Baghdad was originally published in Arabic in 2013 and has since been translated into several languages, including an English translation by Jonathan Wright in 2018. The novel, which won the 2014 International Prize for Arabic Fiction, is a heart-rending ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
20. Why we need to read and understand literature: literariness and Hans Rosling’s Factfulness (2018)

Dr. Jane Mattisson Ekstam

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 17-29

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.26269.1074

Abstract
  My article addresses the qualities of “good” literature and how an understanding of the nature of literary devices, so-called “literariness”, can enhance the reading experience. Focusing on Hans Rosling’s Factfulness (2018), I discuss some of the most important features ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
21. War, Trauma, Memory in Selected Short Stories of Fire and Forget Edited by Roy Scranton and Matt Ghalagher and A Vital Killing by Ahmad Dehghan

Maryam Nobarly; Dr. Nasser Dashtpeyma

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 81-97

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.26232.1063

Abstract
  This article is a comparative study of similar experiences in the American short story collection, Fire and Forget: Short Stories from the Long War edited by Roy Scranton and Matt Ghalagher and the Persian short story collection, A Vital Killing by Ahmad Dehghan as they belong to two different languages, ...  Read More

3. Applied Literature
22. Book Review: 'Health Humanities and Applied Literature'

Dr. Abolfazl Ramazani

Volume 4, Issue 1 , Winter and Spring 2016, , Pages 125-131

http://dx.doi.org/10.22049/jalda.2018.13772

Abstract
  Health Humanities written by Paul Crawford, Brian Brown, Charley Baker, Victoria Tischler, and Brian Adams was first published in 2015 by Palgrave Macmillan, UK. The book is a result of many years of experience of work in the field and comes at a right time after the successful organisation of some international ...  Read More